Menorah is also an hebrew word and it mean a lamp.
The first Menorah was inside the holy Temple in Jerusalem , it was a golden menorah with seven branches.
the menorah considered a Jewish symbol and a symbol for the israel state.
In many Arсhаеоlоgісаl ѕіtеѕ that were discovered ancient соіnѕ were found dесоrаtеd bу іmаgеѕ seven branches menorah Mеnоrаh.
The first menorah in the holy temple had seven branches. Each branch symbolized one day of the week and it burned olive oil. The second menorah also had seven branches, but when the first and second Temples were destroyed seven-branched menorahs were no longer used. Seven-branched menorahs are available in today’s modern times though, in honor of and as a reminder of the first menorah.
The Menorah and the Temple
First and foremost, the Menorah, as mentioned earlier, is written about in the Bible regarding the portable sanctuary in the desert and later in the Temple in Jerusalem. Meaning, explicit instructions are given to Moses by G-d regarding the construction of a seven-branched candelabrum that was made of gold and was called Menorah.
The Menorah is described as being made of a one piece of gold which is quite mind-boggling considering the intricate detail on the Menorah- flowers, knobs, and almond-shaped cups; not to speak of six symmetrical branches, three on either side of the central vertical branch. There is a difference of opinions among Biblical commentators as to the shape of the branches- with some saying they were semicircular and others saying they were round.
The Menorah and Hanukkah
The Hanukkah Candle holder associated with the Rabbinical holiday of Hanukkah is a nine-branched candelabrum, as opposed to the seven-branched candelabrum associated with the Temple. The Menorah is lit on each of the eight nights of the festival of Hanukkah (the ninth candle is used in order to light the other candles and is placed either higher or lower than the other candles so as to differentiate between them) so as to commemorate the miracle that occurred during the rededication of the Temple after the Jewish people successfully revolted against the Seleucid monarchy. When the Jewish people entered the Temple they found only enough oil to light the Menorah for a single day but the oil lasted for a miraculous eight days. In celebration of this, Jewish people light the Menorah on each of the eight days of the Hanukkah festival.
The Menorah and the State of Israel
In 1948, the symbol of the Menorah surrounded by an olive branch on each side was selected as the official emblem of the State of Israel. The image is based on the depiction of the Menorah as it appears on the Arch of Titus in Rome.
The symbol of the Menorah experienced a reawakening after the State of Israel adopted it as its official symbol and since then it has become a global symbol that represents Jewish pride, the richness of Jewish history and the belief in ultimate good despite the trials and tribulations that make up the Jewish people’s past.
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